Pentateuch Samson Raphael Hirsch Chumash Jewish Bible Commentary 6v English Tran

  • $299.00

6 Volume set Pentateuch with the legendary commentary of Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch, 19th century German Rabbi.

Condition: No writing in any of the volumes, white pages. Edges of pages have some light stains and signs of usage, covers
chipped or dinged at edges, a few pages with folds in them. Solid set 7/10.

Samson Raphael Hirsch (June 20, 1808 – December 31, 1888) was a German rabbi best known as the intellectual founder of modernity within Judaism and Scientific and Historical study of Judaism coupled with the desire to maintain what is possible of the Traditional sources, within a modern cultured German society. Occasionally termed neo-Orthodoxy, his philosophy, together with that of Azriel Hildesheimer, has had a considerable influence on the development of the Orthodox Judaism in 19th century Germany. Hirsch was rabbi in Oldenburg, Emden, and was subsequently appointed chief rabbi of Moravia. From 1851 until his death, Hirsch led the secessionist Orthodox community in Frankfurt am Main. He wrote a number of influential books, and for a number of years published the monthly journal Jeschurun, in which he outlined his philosophy of Judaism. He was a vocal opponent of early Reform Judaism, feeling they went too far. His originality and creativity shines in his etymological treatment of the Hebrew language. Most of this work is contained in his Torah commentary, where he analyses and compares the three-letter root forms of a large number of Hebrew words and develops an etymological system of the Hebrew language. This approach is based on the idea that letters that share a phonetic similarity, have similar meaning. For example, the words Zohar (light), Tzohar (translucent window), and Tahor (purity) are related words because the letters Zayin, Tzadie, and Tet are phonetically similar. This is an approach used in many places by the renowned biblical commentator Rashi as well. Although this effort was, in his own words, "totally unscientific", it has led to the recent publication of an "etymological dictionary of the Hebrew language". Although Hirsch does not mention his influences (apart from traditional Jewish sources), later authors have identified ideas from the Kuzari (Yehuda Halevi), Nahmanides and the Maharal of Prague in his works. Nevertheless, most of his ideas are original.

This Rabbi has had an influence on maintaining the now much smaller Old-Orthodox Judaism that is similar to it's predecessor in its somewhat toned down radicalism. This movement is diametrically opposed to the radical Quasi-Ultra-Orthodox, Ultra-Orthodox, and Hasidic strains,
prevalent today, of whom all are entirely new movements to Judaism. All three developed after World War II. An outgrowth of the reaction to the trauma of the Jewish Holocaust and the task of applying religious practice in the context of the free world, America. It is arguable if the original
Old-Orthodox would have survived without him. An example of this type of orthodoxy today, as an institution, is Yeshiva University in New York. Although as with anything, it probably has some minor differences with what Hirsch envisioned. However the basic more balanced approach (It isn't balanced either) towards Science, Non-Jews, employment and being fully involved and familiar with the world one lives in, are some of the things that are in common.

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